SOP's civering ABC, Mange treatment, Surgery

Our SOPs covering ABC, Mange treatment, Surgery,and justification for
euthanasia are attached.

Regards and best wishes for a happy and healthy 2010

S. Chinny Krishna
Blue Cross of India

Page 1/4



The following is the procedure to be followed for successful
implementation of the street dog Animal Birth Control (ABC) programme
with effect from February 2, 2001.

No changes can be made in this procedure unless a authorised revision
is issued duly signed by the Chief Veterinarian and the Honorary

1) Catching of dogs: An employee/volunteer of the Blue Cross must
be present in the dog catching vehicle of the Corporation to ensure
that the exact location of capture of each animal is recorded along with
a physical description of the animal, including its sex. An
identification tag must be immediately tied around the neck of the
animal and this identification number entered next to its description.
The supervisor/volunteer must also keep reinforcing to the Corporation
dog catcher the need to be as gentle as possible while catching,
muzzling (if required) and loading the animal onto the dog van.

Wherever possible, dogs visibly infected with mange must be kept in
the back
compartment of the dog van to minimize infecting healthy dogs.

Not more than twenty dogs should normally be loaded onto one
standard dog van.
For the Maruthi ambulance, the permissible number is five.

2) Transportation of dogs: As far as possible, the captured dogs
must be taken to the
nearest ABC centre. Dogs from South Madras may be taken to Guindy
or Lloyds
Road depending on which is closer to the last catching point.

In case of a break-down of the Corporation dog van during the
catching, it is the
responsibility of the supervisor to move the vehicle to a shady
area and to contact
the Blue Cross to arrange for another vehicle. In case of undue
delay, dogs should
be given water.

Issued on Dr.T.P. Sekar
M. Parthasarathi
Feb 1, 2001 Chief
Honorary Secretary

Page 2/4

3) Admission to ABC Centre: When the vehicle reaches the nearest
centre, the vehicle must be taken into the unloading area and the outer
gate of this area closed and locked before attempting to unload any

The mange dogs should be kept separate. All the dogs should be
tied to individual

The dog van must be washed out and sprayed with a 0.1% solution of
before it is taken out of the enclosure. Enter compliance in

The outer gate must be closed and locked after the van leaves. If
any dog is
suspected to have parvo or is overly aggressive or behaving in an
unusual manner or
is suspected of being rabid, this should be brought to the notice
of the Vet on duty
immediately. Dogs obviously infected with parvo or distemper should
be put in the
isolation kennels immediately.

Nursing bitches with puppies must be removed to the appropriate

All the fresh arrivals other than those listed above must be bathed
and given a dip in
0.1% malathion solution taking care to avoid getting the solution
into and around
the eyes. Where the dog is overly aggressive, it may be carefully
sprayed with the
malathion solution without bathing. All dogs must be kept muzzled
during bathing,
dipping and spraying.

In case of ingestion of malathion solution, the veterinarian must
give the specified
antidote of atropine sulphate. The recommended dose is
.35milligrams per kg body
weight. One fourth of the dose should be given intravenously and
the rest by the
intramuscular route.

After the dogs are sufficiently dry, they must be moved into the
pre-op kennels.
Ensure that the kennels being used had been cleaned out
and sprayed with
malathion solution after the previous batch of dogs had been
discharged. As far as
possible, keep dogs caught from the same area in one kennel. If any
of the dogs are
much smaller or larger than the others in the batch, keep them in
different kennels.

Issued on Dr.T.P. Sekar
M. Parthasarathi
Feb 1, 2001 Chief
Honorary Secretary

Page 3/4 SOP-01-R0

Check to see that clean water is available in the kennel. Place
food in the kennel
making sure that as many plates of food as the number of dogs is
kept.Ensure the
kennel door is secured from within. Gently remove the chain and
the muzzle from
each dog while at the same time checking that the identification
number around the
neck is secure. Remove the chains and muzzles from the kennel.
Close and lock the
kennel door. Place the details of the dogs in the kennel on the
clipboard fixed on
the door.

Repeat the above till all the arrivals are put in the kennels. The
muzzles and chains
are then put in their respective buckets with the same 0.1%
malathion solution.
Soak for at least five minutes and remove from buckets and allow
to dry.

4) Feeding: On the day of admission, the animals can be given the
normal food given to other shelter dogs - namely vegetables and rice,
bread and milk etc. In the normal course, the animals would be operated
on the next day. Ensure that all food plates are removed from these
kennels in the evening. Clean drinking water should be available.

On the next day, the animals which continue to appear healthy are
following and observing all specified procedures. Animals showing
any signs of
distress should be checked by the veterinarian and treatment given
if necessary.
These animals should not be operated on till certified fit by the

After the animal has come around after the operation, milk can be
given. Only milk
is to be given on the day of the operation. *For the next two
days, milk and bread
and gruel can be given.

5) Release of animals: The veterinarian must certify that an animal
is fit for discharge only after the*second day after the operation in
the case of males and the *third day in the case of females. Anti-rabies
vaccine should be administered to each animal as it is brought out of
its kennel. The animal should not be fed less than one hour before
removal. Ensure that the outer gate of the enclosure is kept locked till
all animals are put into the vehicle.

Issued on * Revised on Dr. T. P. Sekar
M. Parthasarathi
Feb 1, 2001 March 16, 2005 Chief Veterinarian
Honorary Secretary

Page 4/4 SOP-01-R0

Plan the route to be followed by the vehicle and it is imperative
that each animal is
released from the vehicle at the same spot from which it was
picked up. The actual
release must be done very carefully to make sure that the animal
does not run onto
the road in fear. The identification tag must be removed from the
animals neck
before release. Where ever possible, explain to the people nearby
that the animal
has been sterilized and vaccinated and indicate the ear notching.
Request one of the
nearby residents/shop keepers to keep an eye on the dog and to
contact the Blue
Cross if necessary.

Enter details in register.

Issued on Dr.T.P. Sekar
M. Parthasarathi
Feb 1, 2001 Chief
Honorary Secretary

Page 1/2


No changes can be made in this procedure unless an authorised revision
is issued duly signed by the Chief Veterinarian and the Honorary

Euthanasia is defined in the dictionary and in our vocabulary as "mercy
killing". This is being emphasized only because many organisation, both
in India and abroad, have been looking at the destruction of surplus
animals as "Euthanasia".

Euthanasia can be resorted to only if it is in the individual animal's
best interest to provide it relief from suffering which seems likely to

Case where the decision to euthanise can be taken by Chief
Veterinarian/Veterinarian - on-duty

If any animal is brought in to the Blue Cross and if the animal is badly
injured and in considerable pain, the decision to euthanise may be taken
by the Chief Veterinarian/Veterinarian - on-duty. This would include
injured animals brought in by our ambulance service or injured animals
brought in by their owners or animals of unknown origin including street
dogs brought in by the public. However, where it seems likely that the
animal brought in is an owned pet (dogs with collars or pedigree
animals), it is strongly recommended that the animal be given a pain
killer/sedated and reasonable time be given for the owner to contact us.
In all cases, where euthanasia is deemed necessary by the Veterinarian,
method adopted should be by use of sodium pentathol. Immediately after
euthanasia, all relevant details of the animal including date and time,
how the animal was brought in to the Blue Cross etc. must be entered in
the register.

The cases where the decision to euthanise must be taken by the

If the animal is not in acute pain but is subject to conditions where
pain or suffering is likely to continue for a considerable period, the
decision to euthanise must be taken by the Chief
Veterinarian/Veterinarian - on-duty in consultation with any one of the
members of the euthanasia sub-committee.

Issued on Dr.T.P. Sekar
M. Parthasarathi
Feb 1, 2001 Chief
Honorary Secretary

Page 2/2


In case of non-unanimity between the above two people, the decision can
only be taken by a group consisting of the Veterinarian and at
least two members of the above sub-committee and the majority decision
would prevail. Instances of cases decided by the sub-committee would
include the following :

1) Animals suffering from Distemper
2) Animals suffering from Mange
3) Animals which are either visually or physically handicapped

The decision to euthanise will necessarily be subject to availability of
facilities at that time. It may be possible to continue treatment of
dogs with a higher degree of mange if kennels are available than would
be possible at a time when the available area is already full or
crowded. It must also be kept in mind that where treatment of any
individual animal is prolonged beyond four to six weeks, it becomes
difficult for the animal to re-adjust if left back in its original
area from where it was captured. All relevant details regarding
justification for euthanasia, method of entry in to the Blue Cross etc.
must be entered in the register and signed by the members involved in
the decision before euthanasia is done.

In rare cases, overly aggressive dogs or dogs suspected of rabies which
have bitten other people or animals may have to be considered for
euthanasia. The sub-committee must be kept informed of such cases.

The committee members must bear in mind that the resources are limited
and these scarce resources must be used to benefit the greatest number
of animals. It is also essential that the animals must be able to have a
minimum acceptable quality of life after recovery and prolonged
confinement in a kennel is not generally acceptable.

Only a qualified veterinarian can do the actual injection.

Disposal of the body will be done as per Standard Operating Procedure
with incineration the method of choice. In cases suspected of rabies,
procedures as laid down must be followed. Disinfect all areas where
dogs which were euthanised were housed. No animal should be euthanised
in the presence of visitors or other animals.

Issued on Dr.T.P. Sekar
M. Parthasarathi
Feb 1, 2001 Chief
Honorary Secretary

Page 1/1


This procedure will come into force with immediate effect - March 28,
2001 - and will not be changed until a revision is issued duly
authorised by the Chief Veterinarian and the Honorary Secretary.

The present practice of bathing street dogs with 0.1% malathion upon
admission to the shelter will continue for dogs diagnosed with sarcoptic
and psoroptic mange. However, in view of some fears being raised
regarding the immune systems of dogs with demodectic mange being
compromised and the administration of strong chemicals like malathion
at this stage not being advisable, it is necessary that, if in the
opinion of the duty veterinarian the dog has demodectic mange, the dog
be bathed with RIDD and not with malathion. A note of which token
numbers have demodectic mange must be prominently displayed on the door
to the holding area. Volunteers handling these dogs must read and
confirm having read these procedures by signing a copy available with
the Administrative Officer.

It is also stressed that the ivermectin injection be given on the day of
admission itself after the dogs have dried after bathing.

The animals' diet must be supplemented with vitamins and minerals in
powder form mixed in measured quantities with the food. One teaspoon of
sunflower oil must be given to each dog. This diet can safely be given
to all street dogs, irrespective of whether they have mange or not.

All mange dogs must also be given three to five drops of Sulphur 30C and
Arsenicum album 30C per day in their feed for 15 days.

Issued on Dr.T.P. Sekar
M. Parthasarathi

Mar. 28, 2001 Chief Veterinarian
Honorary Secretary

Page 1/2



The following is the procedure to be followed for the surgical operation
of the Animal Birth Control (ABC) programme with effect from November
2, 2004.

No changes can be made in this procedure unless a authorised revision
is issued duly signed by the Chief Veterinarian and the Honorary

1) Transfer of dogs from holding area to preparation room : Dogs
should be transferred to the preparation room from the kennels with the
help of Graspers without discomfort to the dog. If found dirty, they
should be cleaned. They should be allowed to pass motion and urine
before entering the preparation room. Wherever a dog can be carried, it
should be carried.

2) Shaving and Scrubbing of dog : After induction of anesthesia the
surgical site is shaved and applied with povidone Iodine.

3) Pre-anesthesia : Dogs should be injected with pre-anesthetic and
antidote. Sufficient time has to be allowed for the pre-anesthetic to
take effect before injecting the anesthetic. While giving injections
all aseptic precautions are followed like wearing a sterile gloves,
using new syringe for each injection etc.

4) After pre-medication : After preparation the dog has to be
shifted from the preparation table to the operation table using a

5) Surgery : All standard procedures to ensure the highest degree
of cleanliness, hygiene and asepsis to be followed. This point cannot
be overstressed. The veterinarian doing the operation must follow all
practices he/she would expect to be followed if he/she were undergoing
an operation on his/her body at the hands of a surgeon.

Issued on Dr.T.P. Sekar
M. Parthasarathi

Nov. 2, 2004 Chief
Honorary Secretary

Page 2/2

6) Ear Notching : The ear to be marked has to be cleaned with
surgical spirit using sterile artery forceps and a new surgical blade
the cut ear is cauterized.

7) Placing on ground : Ensure that a stretcher is used.

8) Moving to Kennel : After surgery, an analgesic injection has to
be given. Eg:- Meloxicam. The dog has to be put inside a clean and dry
kennel after being moved on the trolley.

9) Post Recovery : Each dog has to be observed by a veterinarian
during its post recovery stage for its safe recovery. If the dog is
evincing pain or showing abnormal symptoms it has to be treated

10) Post Operation Care : Post operatively till the dog is discharged
each dog has to be inspected by a veterinarian for its signs of
sickness, appetite, wound, healing etc. Sick dogs have to be kept
separately and treated.

11) Feeding : Milk and water has to be kept inside the kennel for the
dog to drink after recovery. The operated dogs have to be fed with
liquid diet, preferably milk, on the second and third days. Solid food
can be given from the fourth day after the operation.

12) This SOP is to be read in conjunction with SOP-01-RO (SOP for
Street Dog ABC Programme)

13) Operation room should be fumigated immediately after operations are

14) Records to be kept for each animal indicating name of surgeon and
that all the above activities have been carried out as per SOP.

15) Please note that no visitors are permitted inside the surgery when
the operations are on unless such visitors are accompanied by the
director or one of the office bearers of the Blue Cross.

Issued on Dr.T.P. Sekar
M. Parthasarathi

Nov. 2, 2004 Chief
Honorary Secretary

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